Chiropractic health care

So you’ve decided to seek chiropractic treatment.
The next step: determining how frequently to follow up.
The reasons people seek chiropractic treatment are many. Some use a chiropractor’s skills for back adjustments, or aligning vertebrae for preventive care. Others want help managing serious pain conditions, such as scoliosis or whiplash. Different chiropractors have different philosophies concerning adjustments. The goal of some chiropractors is to help you return to your prior state of health, and then they don’t necessarily expect to see you again, unless you have further problems. Other chiropractors believe in a regular preventive maintenance program that might range from a visit each week — with an adjustment done only if you need it — to a visit once every couple of months. Some chiropractors say to visit only when you feel you need an adjustment.
What does a chiropractor do? Chiropractors can often treat common back and neck pain in a few sessions, sometimes with once-a-week visits. It may take longer or more frequent visits, however, depending on your individual condition, underlying factors that are stressing your body and length of symptoms. Your previous injuries may affect treatment time, along with any proper care you received and rehabilitation for those injuries when they occurred. With hours at a computer and frequently too little exercise, modern life often contributes to common back and neck pain, and you may find that a regular adjustment every two to four weeks can prevent problems.

What Can Chiropractors Treat? Serious pain requires intensive chiropractic treatment If you have a condition or injury causing serious pain, you’ll likely need intensive treatment. This might entail as many as two or three back adjustments a week, with a gradually decreasing number of weekly visits that could last a year or more. It depends on your condition, how severe your body’s damage is and your level of pain, combined with how well you respond to chiropractic care. If you don’t start to see improvement within a few weeks, the treatment probably isn’t working and you may want to consider other options, such as a different chiropractor who uses a different approach or an evaluation by a medical doctor. Because different chiropractors use different techniques (for example, the traditional thrusting adjustments versus low-force adjustments), you may need to visit several chiropractors to find the best one for you.

5 Common Chiropractic Adjustment Techniques An important thing to look for in a chiropractor is one who adjusts your treatment plan as you progress. It’s not possible to know in advance how many treatments you’ll need. A reasonable expectation is a three- to six-week treatment plan, followed by a re-evaluation and new treatment plan based on your individual condition. Do I need a chiropractor? If you’re feeling great but want to catch minor misalignments before they cause problems, a chiropractic adjustment anywhere from once a month to twice a year is an option. Or, you can make a chiropractic appointment whenever you start to feel some tension or pain. Ultimately, you — and your chiropractor — decide how often you need an adjustment. By knowing your body and how it responds to adjustments, you can decide what works best for you.

Lower back pain, sciatica and herniated disc

Everyone experiences lower back pain at least once in their life. Some of us experience it for a short times, while others live with it for years and years. I found this cool video by Healthchannel on YouTube and thought I should share it. Healthchannel…

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Chiropractor NYC

A Natural Solution for Depression and Anxiety

A Natural Solution for Depression and Anxiety

Anxiety and Depression are Not Drug Deficiencies

It seems like every couple months we are witnessing another catastrophe.  School, mall, workplace, and movie theater shootings along with bombings of innocent people are becoming more common place these days.  20 years ago, these horrendous crimes were unheard of.  There is an obvious problem and an underlying issue that we are facing and it all stems from too many people being disconnected from reality.

140610133756-03-portland-school-shooting-restricted-horizontal-galleryLet’s stop the madness and live the lives we deserve.

Unfortunately, instead of identifying and dealing with the cause we continue to put the blame on gun laws and a lack of security.  We avoid the real issue and that is that the majority of these cases involve a history of depression and/or anxiety and heavy use of medication.

It is also well known, that antidepressants are not much better than that of a placebo, and the side effects (especially if not weaned appropriately) can be very severe.

The research shows there is little reason to prescribe medication for moderate depression or anxiety.  It just doesn’t work, and it is very dangerous.  We need to stop thinking that the problem is steaming from a deficiency of medication.  We must take a step back and look at the situation from a proactive instead of a reactive standpoint.

Instead of “how can we treat or cure the issue”, we need to ask ourselves “what is the cause and how can we prevent depression and anxiety in the first place.”

Where Is This Coming From?

Screen Shot 2014-03-24 at 1.48.36 PMBalance is the key to health and wellbeing!

It is in my professional opinion that depression and anxiety are more than just a label or a disease that stems from our genetic makeup.  Depression and anxiety are expressions of our lifestyle and how we handle stress.  They are imbalances of the central nervous system that causes a physiological stress response which is then expressed in the form of depression (dwelling on the past) and anxiety (fear of the future).

It all begins with more STRESS than we can handle which activates and overloads the HPA axis (hypothalamus / pituitary/ adrenal) and in turn locks on the sympathetic fight/flight response and leads to a condition called Subluxation.

To help understand the ins and outs of why we are seeing more and more mood disorders, I would like to explain how the endocrine system is also affected by more stress than a person can adapt to.

There are three glands that are affected by stress that in turn can disrupt function and will lead to many of “mood disorders” that are being treated with medication: the adrenals, the thyroid and the pituitary.

The adrenal glands are your stress glands and they are a part of the fight/flight system. They help in many areas: releasing adrenalin and cortisol to help in protection, regulating blood sugar and blood pressure, producing hormones, balancing mineral levels, and assisting the body in dealing with all types of stress.

When the adrenal glands are overworked and overburdened though poor lifestyle habits (emotional, mental, chemical and physical stress), they become burnt out or fatigued, which is commonly referred to as “adrenal fatigue”.

As a survival mechanism, the thyroid gland is called on to do what it can to take up the slack.

Unfortunately, we are not helping the thyroid these days with poor nutrition and chemicals (fluoride, lack of iodine, soy and corn oil, heavy metals, etc.) as well as Subluxation at the base of the neck from poor posture known as anterior head carriage which I call computer or “text neck”, where incidentally, the thyroid is innervated.

Eventually, the thyroid which plays a role in metabolism and weight regulation becomes exhausted and fatigued (which contributes to the increase in obesity and hyper and hypo thyroid conditions) and now you have two glands that are dysfunctional.

When both the adrenals and the thyroid become fatigued and overworked to the point of exhaustion, the pituitary or “master gland” is called on to release “stimulating” hormones to try to boost the endocrine system to get it functioning again.

At that point, there is NO way the pituitary can keep up, especially when the nerves innervating the pituitary (upper cervical/neck) are also Subluxated from poor posture, accidents, birth trauma, vaccines, chemicals, etc., leaving the pituitary weak to begin with.

The effects of Subluxation (blown fuse) on the upper cervical spine.The effects of Subluxation (blown fuse) on the upper cervical spine.

When your glands are NOT producing hormones and there is a chemical imbalance, it will directly affect mood and demeanor. That imbalance, which stems from stress and Subluxation, can be expressed in many ways such as anxiety, depression, ADD/ADHD, and bipolar, mood and behavior disorders.

Another side note for those who have an overstressed and Subluxated nervous system that leads to hormone imbalance, is that it can also directly tie into headaches, fatigue, irritability, poor metabolism, obesity, the craving for sugar and many other addictions and substance abuse.

Chiropractic Can Help Break the Cycle

Chiropractic wellness can help with depression and anxiety by addressing the stressors that are causing the neurological imbalance which leads to a disruption of endocrine function.  Furthermore, if subluxation exists, chiropractic care will remove the subluxations and allow the body to find balance and optimal function so that it can begin the healing process.

If you are looking for a natural solution for depression and anxiety, get your endocrine system back on track by rebalancing your nervous system through improving your lifestyle and by having your nervous system evaluated by a chiropractor.

Chiropractic Health and Wellness Facts

At the heart of chiropractic is an understanding that the alignment of the spine affects the nervous system in a big way. The spine houses the spinal cord, and nerves extend from the brain to the body and back. Therefore it is crucial that this flow is uninhibited and able to carry messages that affect how we function. For this reason, chiropractic care can improve a variety of conditions and disorders including anything from migraines to foot pain. In a recent study chiropractic was shown to greatly improve blood pressure in patients with hypertension. This amazing finding points to something chiropractors have known for a long time – proper alignment of the spine impacts everything we do, and its role in cardiovascular health should be recognized and emphasized more often.

Details of the Study

The study involved 50 participants who were in the early phases of high blood pressure.  Half of the group received cervical spine chiropractic adjustments, while the other half received fake adjustment techniques.  After 8 weeks, those participants who had received legitimate chiropractic adjustments experienced a significant drop in blood pressure, as compared to the placebo adjustment group who saw no changes.

Chiropractic in Health and Wellness

This is just one of the many studies that have shown chiropractic’s benefits in overall health and wellness. While chiropractic is most often recognized for its treatment of neck and back pain, it should also be noted that chiropractic care influences all of the body systems and therefore a huge variety of disorders. Chiropractic is an important part of any wellness routine, just like working out and eating right. Consistency is key here, because it can treat problems before they lead to more serious issues, and it can prevent problems from developing in the first place. Contact your chiropractor today to discuss how your unique health concerns can be successfully addressed by long term chiropractic care.

Sciatica Pain and Chiropractor Treatment

If You Have Sciatica Pain, a Chiropractor Can Help

Sciatica affects the sciatic nerve, a large nerve extending from the lower back down the back of each leg.

What are the symptoms?

• Pain in the leg or rear that is worse when sitting
• Burning or tingling running down the leg
• Weakness, numbness, or difficulty moving the leg or foot
• A constant pain on one side of the rear
• A shooting pain that makes it difficult to stand up

Sciatica usually affects only one side of the lower body. Often times, pain travels from the lower back all the way through the back of the thigh and down through the leg.

The pain may also reach the foot or toes. For some people, the pain can be severe. For others, the pain might be infrequent and irritating, but it can get worse.

What triggers sciatica? Sciatica is caused by irritation of the root(s) of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine.

Other common causes:

• Spinal stenosis, narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back.
• Degenerative disc disease affecting the discs that cushion the vertebrae.
• Spondylolisthesis, when one vertebra slips forward over another one.
• Pregnancy, which can add a severe strain on the spine.

Additional irritants: excess weight, not exercising on a regular basis, high heels, or sleeping on a mattress that is too soft.
Sciatic nerve compression may result in the loss of feeling, paralysis of a single limb or group of muscles, and insomnia.

Diagnosis of Sciatica Is Critical. A Chiropractor examines the patient and reviews medical history to determine what is causing the patient’s sciatica pain. Chiropractic treatment is based on the principle that restricted spinal movement leads to pain and reduced function. Chiropractic care helps the body heal itself with non-invasive (non-surgical), drug-free treatment.

Sciatica Treatments Used by Chiropractors:

Ice/Cold Therapy reduces inflammation and helps control sciatic pain.

Ultrasound is gentle heat created by sound waves that penetrates deep into tissues. It increases circulation and reduces muscle spasms, cramping, swelling, stiffness, and pain.

Adjustments (Spinal Manipulations). Spinal adjustments are at the core of Chiropractic care. Manipulation frees restricted movement of the spine and helps to restore misaligned vertebral bodies to their proper position in the spine. Adjustment techniques vary from a swift high velocity thrust to those that combine minimal force and gentle pressure. Mastery of each technique is an art that requires great skill and precision. Spinal manipulation is the treatment that differentiates chiropractic care from other medical disciplines.

sciatica pain

Pediatric Chiropractic Care

13 Reasons Your Child May Need Chiropractic Care
Written by Elena Wilkins

Years ago, having been through several car accidents over a span of many years, my back health took a nose dive. I could not as much as sit, sleep or move without pain. Finally I found a chiropractor, and with his help and the help of his colleague, after regular treatments over the span of about 6 months, my back was good as new. Since then I learned to take better care of myself, doing yoga, strength training, and, of course, regular chiropractic adjustments.

Right after I gave birth to Sprout, I noticed that my little girl favored turning her head to the right. We went for walks, she would look to the right, she slept having her head turned to the right, etc. No matter how many times I tried to readjust and redirect, Sprout always went right back to her right side. It was time to find out what is going on and fix it. From my personal experience I knew that no one is better suited for such tasks than chiropractors.

I found a chiropractor who specializes in infant chiropractic care–Dr. Heather Prenger–and took Sprout to see her once a month since. Sprout’s problem was completely resolved and she enjoys a full range of motion with her little neck.

Sprout is now 3 and I still take her to see a chiropractor on a regular basis. Since moving to Washington we found an amazing wife/husband chiropractic duo to take care of our skeletons and we love them! And so does Sprout! She feels as if they are a part of our family, and both of them are spectacular with kids.

(Sprout gets warmed up for her adjustment by adjusting a “Sproutosaurus”)

Not everyone knows the benefits of kids’ chiropractic care, so, when people learn that Sprouts gets adjusted regularly, I get a a plethora of questions: “Why?” “When?” “How?” Since I love educating myself and others on all health topics, I thought it would be amazing to take these questions to Sprout’s former chiropractor [former only because we moved states]. Dr. Heather, as we called her, had graciously answered the most asked questions about kids’ chiropractic care.

Dr. Heather, a Magna Cum Laude graduate, earned her Doctorate of Chiropractic from Palmer College of Chiropractic, Florida. She was honored for her work as a Clinical Teaching Assistant. Dr. Heather continued her education after Palmer, obtaining the postgraduate designation of Certified Chiropractic Sports Physician® (CCSP®). She is trained in many chiropractic adjusting and soft tissue techniques including the Webster Technique for pregnant women and care for infants and children. She practices in the Columbus area, primarily seeing pregnant moms, children family’s, and athletes. Dr. Heather is a mother of 2 young boys and wife of chiropractor, Dr. Greg Prenger, DC. If you are local to Columbus, OH area, you can learn more about Dr. Heather on her web-site:

Why Do Children Need Chiropractic Care?
Do you take your children to the chiropractor? If your answer is yes then, fantastic! If the answer is no, then why not?

Your child has a spine and nervous system that need cared for just like an adult. It is actually even MORE important to have your children checked as infancy and childhood are impressionable times of rapid growth and development of the spine and nervous system. Chiropractors examine and evaluate for proper movement, function, and alignment of the spine. Adjustments remove vertebral fixations (joints that are “stuck” and not moving properly) which reduces inflammation and interference to the nervous system. The nervous system controls all of the functions in the entire body. By having your child’s spine checked you are maintaining the health of your child’s entire body, naturally too! Chiropractic care is gentle and safe. Only light force is needed when adjusting an infant or child’s spine. Imagine the pressure needed to press your pinky finger into a ripe red tomato and you get the idea.

But let’s dig deeper into the “why chiropractic for our little ones” question, and let’s start at the beginning.

In utero, the baby is in a small space and could be in awkward positions at times. Secondly, birth can be a traumatic process on an infant’s body, even a smooth and natural birth without interventions. The baby is being squeezed through a small space in a short amount of time. If there are interventions such as pitocin causing more intense contractions, forceps, vacuum, or cesarean it is even more dire that your baby be adjusted as soon as possible after birth. These interventions can involve intense pulling and tractioning on the head and neck, and therefore on the spine and spinal cord. Due to all of these factors, it is very common for a newborn to have a misalignment in their cervical spine (especially the first vertebra, C1), and often the pelvis too. These are very easy to treat and babies respond very quickly. However, if neglected, the ramifications could be many and pronounced. Looking down the road, many children are diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis as adolescents. Idiopathic means unknown cause. I wonder if a misalignment from birth, left untreated, could cause the spine to make compensations leading to abnormal curves of the spine? In my opinion it’s not worth taking a chance and waiting on the research to prove it. Adjustments are simple, quick and painless.

When it comes to infants, chiropractic care helps with breastfeeding problems, colic, digestive problems, allergies, and sleep problems. I have seen a child who was 16 months and not walking took her first steps a day after her first adjustment and a kindergartener stopped his nightly bed-wetting after his treatment. Chiropractic adjustments can affect the body in many positive ways because of its influence on the nervous system.

So when should your child be adjusted and how often? It is important for children to be examined for spinal fixations after birth. I suggest within the first 2 weeks unless there is an immediate problem such as not breastfeeding, then they should be evaluated as soon as possible. For a healthy infant or child, they should be adjusted when they first hold their head up (cervical curve develops at this time) and when they first sit, crawl, and walk (lumbar curve develops at this time). They should be adjusted at the first sign of a cold or ear infection, if they are not sleeping well, have a fall or after especially rough play, and if they are just “out of sorts”, not acting themselves. These are all good times to bring your child in for an adjustment and tune-up for the nervous system. Additional signs your child needs adjusted are if you notice your infant always looking or carrying or holding his or her head in the same direction or position. For example if she always looks to the right when in the car seat, sling or swing. If you notice resistance when turning her head to one direction verses the other. Also if your child’s neck or abdomen is sensitive to touch, and if they are experiencing constipation or frequent gas. And if all of this is too hard to keep track of, a monthly chiropractic visit should cover the bases.

Kids Chiropractic Checklist
I thought it would be helpful to provide you with a quick checklist of life events that would call for chiropractic care for your kiddos.

help with breastfeeding
digestive problems
sleep problems
bed wetting
physical developmental delays
developmental milestones: begin to hold up head, sitting, crawling, walking
ear infections
falls/rough plays
not feeling themselves

(a future chiropractor in the making?)

Q & A
Vegalicious readers asked Dr. Hearther specific questions.

Q: Will visiting a chiropractor help with a child’s sleep?

A: Yes, it could, if the child has a misaligned vertebra that is causing discomfort or disruption to the nervous system.

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Q: Do all chiropractors adjust children?

A: All are trained in treating children but not all are comfortable adjusting children. The best thing to do is ask your local chiropractor if they adjust children; or google your city and chiropractor, infants, children, etc. Also there is a site where you can look for a chiropractor certified in Webster technique for pregnancy. Most webster chiropractors are comfortable and well trained treating children.

Q: Can adjustments help older children sleep better? I have an 11 year old with special needs and he needs to sleep and doesn’t a lot of nights.

A: It might, if he has a spinal misalignment. I think all children with special needs should be checked by a chiropractor. Many special needs involve the nervous system and chiropractic can positively influence the nervous system. A colleague of mine worked on a 12 year old boy who could not walk or talk. By the time he was finished with his treatment plan he was walking out the door on his own saying “see ya later” to his chiropractor. That is an amazing and extraordinary story! Not every case is like that but what if this boy’s parents had never taken him to the chiropractor?

Q: What are the signs to look for in infants which would indicate a need for an adjustment?

A: All of the signs I mentioned in the last paragraph above.

Q: Is there a reason to start infants on Chiropractic care?

A: Yes, hopefully you have a better understanding of that after reading this post 🙂

Q: Does it help babies with allergies or sleep patterns?

A: It can help with these issues. If a spinal fixation is affecting the nervous system. Allergies are an overreaction to an outside stimulus. Adjustments can help calm an overreacting nervous system. You won’t know for sure unless you give it a try, and it definitely won’t make the problem worse.

Q: For a healthy infant how often is it good to get adjusted?

A: At developmental milestones or once a month. Also at the first sign of a cold, change in sleeping or behavior.

Q: Are there essential oils that help soothe after an adjustment?

A: I think essential oils are a great asset to have at home. I am not well versed on which oils are best for different issues but Young Living is a great resource and they have several soothing and relaxing blends.

Q: What are the minimum, most important life events for a baby which would require and adjustment?

A: Birth and milestones such as holding her head up, sitting, crawling, walking are most important events for a little one to be checked. Following that up with continued monthly visits if you are really going for a wellness, natural and preventative approach to health.

If I missed any questions that are of interest to you, make sure to add them in the comment section, and I will ask our current awesome chiropractors, who are also kid magnets, to answer them for you.

Symptoms and Injuries we Treat

Symptoms and Injuries We Treat

We use leading edge technology and treatment protocols to treat and manage injuries. By working and studying with some of the best chiropractors in the country we have expanded our skill set to bring you professional level treatment options.
We aim to effectively address three areas that are of utmost importance to all athletes:
An Image Representing the Number One Questions that Clients Ask
Finding the fastest possible routes to recovery and rehabilitation, getting to the source of the problem, and implementing a suitable care management plan using a safe, proven drug-free approach.
An Image Representing the Number Two Question that Clients Ask
Many injuries occur due to repetitive stress, build up of minor trauma and overload which finally causes breakdown and injury. Effective assessment and management of sub-clinical biomechanical and neuromuscular problems can help prevent such injuries.
An Image Representing the Number Three Questions that Clients Ask
Enhancing the efficiency of the neuromuscular, kinematic and biomechanical systems can improve many sub-clinical issues and reduce muscle inhibition leading to better performance.

Athletic Performance

Athletic Performance
There is a reason why athletes both today and in the past, like Michael Phelps, Jerry Rice and Joe Montana, are under regular chiropractic care. In fact, over 50 percent of NFL teams have a chiropractor on staff.
Because it is so effective at pain-based and pathological conditions, one of the most overlooked aspects of chiropractic care is that it enhances personal and athletic performance. Studies have sown that it:
Reduces inflammatory cytokines
Boosts your immune system
Enhances pulmonary function
Decreases mental and oxidative stress
Relieves muscle tension
And can naturally increase your energy level
Studies have even proved, objectively and subjectively, that chiropractic patients experience “overall increased bodily function,” which includes bowl regularity and mental clarity.
Basically, because it helps place your body in the position where it can heal itself, chiropractic adjustments can free your immune system up to focus on keeping you healthy, which enhances your ability to think, move and perform.



Chiropractors know that adjustments are good for your general health. Millions of satisfied patients cannot be wrong. But what do chiropractors know that the rest of us do not?

They know the nervous system is the one system in the body that directly affects every other system. This is because nerves conduct sensory information from every part of the body and then delivers this information to the brain. Once there, the brain analyzes the information to determine what the body needs to maintain a healthy state. So the health of this system is paramount to the good health of the rest of the body.

Chiropractors recognize that misalignment in the spine can interfere with proper nervous system function. More specifically, chiropractors study the effects of vertebral subluxations – conditions of the spine where align- ment and/or movement patterns of the vertebrae are abnormal. When this occurs, imbalances cause irritation and inflammation. In turn this can cause interference with information that is transmitted along nerves and spinal cord. Chiropractors are the only health care professionals specifically trained to locate and correct spinal subluxations.

This is the principal reason why chiropractors should be called wellness doctors. Every time a chiropractor corrects a vertebral subluxation, the positive effects are felt in multiple systems simultaneously. Chiropractic Care Promotes Overall Wellness

Where’s the Proof?

For decades, scientific research has focused on the use of chiropractic adjustments for low back pain, neck pain and headaches.1-3 In fact, there is now clear evidence to recommend chiropractors as the go-to professionals for spinal pain syndromes. However, with the rising popularity of wellness- based philosophies focused on non-traditional approaches to health, chiropractors are being asked to justify their role.

The traditional medical model of symptom-based healthcare is rapidly waning. We no longer feel we have to be sick to call upon a health profes- sional for advice. Instead, we are focusing more on the detrimental effects stress has on our bodies, and the therapies that address the mind-body connection are getting much more attention.

In a recent report from the Center for Disease Control, the four most popular forms of alternative and complemen- tary medicine were listed as: natural products, deep breathing, meditation and chiropractic!4

People are casting their votes with their healthcare dollars and chiropractors are taking a leadership role in this new wellness model. As a profession whose core philosophy is about the optimization of the brain- body communication network, chiro- practic can be viewed as a therapy with an emphasis on whole body health and wellness

Research is catching up to what chiropractors have known for years. In a recent study that reviewed all the available research to date, investigators found that “chiropractic adjustments, often for the purpose of correcting vertebral subluxation, confer measur- able health benefits to people regard- less of the presence or absence of symptoms.”5 More people are seeking what chiropractic offers: optimization of health and an improved quality of life, with a spine free of vertebral subluxations!

In a multi-nation study involving hundreds of chiropractors and thou- sands of chiropractic patients, research- ers sought to measure the incidence of non-musculoskeletal responses to chiropractic therapy. What they found was that a number of patients experi- enced systemic benefits from their chiropractic treatments whether or not they mentioned any symptoms in these areas at the onset of care. The most common benefits reported in this study were breathing (27%), digestion (26%) and circulation (21%).6

In yet another ground-breaking study, chiropractic adjustments were shown to actually decrease blood pressure, one of the leading causes for preventable death in North America (in relation to the incidence of heart-attacks and strokes). The study stood up to medical scrutiny and showed unequivocally that vertebral subluxations – of the upper cervical vertebra in this case – can be detrimental to the health of the individual, and not just a pain in the neck.7

From these research results, chiro- practors clearly have a greater role in your health and wellness than just treating sore backs. Chiropractic care should be considered an invaluable tool for you to not only help you feel well, but to also help you be well.

References and sources:

1. Dagenais S, Gay RE, Tricco AC, Freeman MD & Mayer JM. NASS Contemporary Concepts in Spine Care: Spinal Manipulation Therapy for Acute Low Back Pain. Spine Journal 2010 (Oct.); 10(10): 918-940.

2. Bronfort G, Assendelft WJJ, Evans R, Haas M & Bouter L. Efficacy of Spinal Manipulation for Chronic Headache: A Systematic Review. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2001 (Sept.); 24(7): 457-466

3. Thiel HW & Bolton JE. Predic- tors For Immediate and Global Responses to Chiropractic Manipulation of the Cervical Spine. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2008 (Mar.); 31(3): 172-183.

4. Barnes PM, Bloom B, Nahin R. Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among Adults and Children: United States, 2007. CDC National Health Statistics Report #12. December 10, 2008.

5. Hannon SM. Objective Physiologic Changes and Associated Health Benefits of Chiro- practic Adjustments in Asymptom- atic Subjects: A Review of the Literature. J Vertebral Subluxation Research 2004 (Apr.): 1-9.

6. Leboeuf-Yde C, Pedersen EN, Bryner P, Cosman D, Hayek R, Meeker WC, Shaik J, Terrazas O, Tucker J & Walsh M. Self-reported Nonmusculoskeletal Responses to Chiropractic Intervention: A Multi- nation Survey. J Manipulative Physiol Ther 2005 (Jun.); 28(5): 294-302.

7. Bakris G, Dickholtz M, Meyer PM, Kravitz G, Avery E, Miller M, Brown J, Woodfield C & Bell B. Atlas Vertebra Realignment and Achievement of Arterial Pressure Goal in Hypertensive Patients: A Pilot Study. Journal of Human Hypertension 2007 (May); 21(5): 347-352.